History of Oil
The history of the olive tree and its cultivation can be traced back to times immemorial. Recent archaeological research has traced this tree’s origins to Israel, near the city of Haifa, dating back to the 5th Century B.C. Yet, whatever its origin, cultivation of the olive tree undoubtedly found its most successful socio-cultural development along the south-eastern coast of the Mediterranean sea.
Greece was fundamental in strengthening its production and use, not to mention other major producers such as Syria, Palestine and Turkey. In all of these countries, oil was a primary source of commercial prosperity. It immediately served as the basis of the traditional ‘Mediterranean diet’ and soon began to be used as an invaluable ointment for the body. It was often used with massages and for treatments aimed at keeping one’s skin soft and supple.
Early Cultivation
Olive trees were first cultivated in the Italian peninsula as far back as the VIII century B.C., when the Greek’s colonized southern Italy and subsequently created the Magna Grecia. Olive oil was known as ‘green gold’ and it soon became a driving force of the economy, becoming totally subject to government control. The world’s first oil classification method was developed during this period and oil was divided into five types. Specialized vendors operated under precise rules when it came to price regulation. With the fall of the Roman Empire and the Barbarian invasions, the oil sector began to experience a period of decline. After the year 1000, when large portions of land were handed over to convents and monasteries, the oil producing sector began to show signs of recovery.
Montecarlo of Lucca is a beautiful town born in the middle-ages, situated on a hill that dominates all the flat surrounding area. Rich in olives and vineyards, Montecarlo produces top quality olive oil and red and white wines marked D.O.C..Montecarlo is crossed by the “Wine and Olive Oil Street of Lucca, Montecarlo and Versilia”, a fantastic food and wine tour where you can visit wine cellars and farms tasting local products such as wines, olive oils, cheese, soups and other products.The town of Montecarlo has many local and national festivals and events during the whole year with various subjects: food, wine, cultural, musical and artistic, folkloristic, motor vehicle sector and others.A visit to the Fortress of Cerruglio, the ancient town situated on the hill dominating the valley, the small and delightful Rassicurati Theatre and the natural walks and trekking routes make of Montecarlo a wonderful town to see and live.Montecarlo was born after the destroy of the nearby town Vivinaia, due to the invasion of the Florentines. Lucca decided to move the town on Cerruglio hill with its fortress that became extremely important during the wars that followed. In 1333, the emperor Carlo IV from Boemia officially baptized the town of Montecarlo.
Borgo Giusto
Borgo Giusto is no doubt one of the absolute best destinations on all things in Italy including Tuscan food and wine tours. Nowhere on the planet could be found tuscany traditions related to food and wine, as in the region of Tuscany. From celebrations, to nourishment, to wine, Borgo Giusto is the perfect place to find the special Italian flavour.
Borgo Giusto place is for any individual who needs to visit Tuscany, Italy and have great experience with food and wine tours. Finding local vegetables, extra virgin olive oil, used in traditional meals, it makes perfect place to stay. Food and Wine tours are made to find from where exactly it comes the flavour. Plenty of vines can only provide aromatized wine.
Since years, Borgo Giusto has organized multiple tuscan food and wine tours, with great experiences for visitors. Tourists left their remarks in the local guide, showing the full appreciation of what they learnt. You can be sure that you’ll find the special touch and flavour with devoted professional contact structures. In the most recent Italy recommendations and news, Borgo Giusto is in top.

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